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3/11/1874 12:00:00 AM - 12th New Orleans laborers

Through the 12th New Orleans laborers attacked by whites. Six Blacks were killed.
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6/1/1835 12:00:00 AM - 5th National Negro Convention takes on word Negro

The 5th National Negro Convention met in Philadelphia and urged blacks to abandon theuse of terms "African" and "colored" when referring to "Negro" institutions, organizations and to themselves.
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2/27/1964 12:00:00 AM - Anna Julia Cooper passes

Anna Julia Cooper, champion for the rights of black women, dies at the age of 105.
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1/28/1970 12:00:00 AM - Arthur Ashe, first Black male to win Wimbledon, is denied entry to

Arthur Ashe, first Black male to win Wimbledon, is denied entry to compete on the US Team for the South African Open tennis championships due to Ashe's sentiments on South Africa's racial policies
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6/2/1899 12:00:00 AM - Black Americans observed day of fasting

Black Americans observed day of fasting called by National Afro-American Council to protest lynching and racial massacres.
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2/1/1997 12:00:00 AM - Black Facts Online Goes Live!

Black Facts Online, the premiere spot for Black history goes online.
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3/1/1910 12:00:00 AM - BLACK NAMED CHIEF SWEEPER

COLUMBUS, OHIO,--a BLACK MAN, Mr. Everette Spurlock, has been named superintendent of this city's street cleaning department. The negroe community is overjoyed that the city has finally recognized the dependability of its colored population. Mr. Spurlock's job pays $1,500 per year. Although persently all his 100 employees are colored, Spurlock says white will be employed if there is a vacancy.
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2/21/1987 12:00:00 AM - Black Rebellion in Tampa, Florida

African Americans in Tampa, Florida rebelled after an African American man was killed by a white police officer while in custody.
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4/22/1692 12:00:00 AM - Black Woman Convicted of Witchcraft

In Salem, Massachusetts, Mary Black, a slave, was convicted of sorcery and jailed after a trial.
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5/17/1988 12:00:00 AM - Black Women Inventor

Dr. Patricia E. Bath of Los Angeles, a renowned ophthalmologist and Black woman, patented (1988) an apparatus that efficiently removes cataracts by using laser technology.
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6/20/1943 12:00:00 AM - Detroit Anti-Black Riot

Whites began a riot in Detroit after it was rumored a black man had killed a white woman and her infant. A similar rumor, alleging the victims were white and the perpetrator white, soon found its way into the black community. In truth, no one had been killed. An estimated 25 blacks and 9 whites died in the riots.
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4/27/1903 12:00:00 AM - First Black Women named Bank Head

Maggie L. Walker named president of Richmond's St. Luke Bank and Trust Company and became the first Black woman to head a bank.
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7/25/1943 12:00:00 AM - First warship named for a Black person, SS Leonard Roy Harmon was launched in Qu

First warship named for a Black person, SS Leonard Roy Harmon was launched in Quincy, MA, 1943
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6/1/1864 12:00:00 AM - Florida General Assembly

Florida General Assembly (nineteen Blacks, fifty-seven whites) met in Tallahassee.
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6/4/1989 12:00:00 AM - Four African Americans win Tony Awards

Four African Americans win Tony Awards for Black and Blue
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5/1/1950 12:00:00 AM - Gwendolyn Brooks, poet, first Black awarded a Pulitzer Prize (poetry) in 1950.

Gwendolyn Brooks, poet, first Black awarded a Pulitzer Prize (poetry) in 1950. Brooks was born in Topeka, Kansas but grew up in Chicago. She is a witty poet who satirizes blacks and whites and attacks racial discrimination. She uses black language and rituals to proclaim black solidarity.
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6/16/1976 12:00:00 AM - Hector Petersen, a 13 year old Soweto schoolboy is the first to die in what will

Hector Petersen, a 13 year old Soweto schoolboy is the first to die in what will become the "Children's Crusade", the first nationwide black South African uprising in the 1970's. The violence will last 16 month and result in 5700 death, 3,900 injuries, and 5,900 detentions.
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3/1/1871 12:00:00 AM - J. Milton Turner

J. Milton Turner named minister to Liberia and became the first Black diplomat accredited to an African county. James W. Mason was named minister in March, 1870, but never traveled to his post.
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5/8/1858 12:00:00 AM - John Brown held antislavery convention, which was

John Brown held antislavery convention, which was attended by twelve whites and thirty-four Blacks, at Chatham, Canada. The Escape, first play by an American Black, Published by William Wells Brown.
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9/21/1832 12:00:00 AM - Maria Stewart on Slavery

On this date in 1832, Maria W. Stewart (1803-1879) addressed the New England Anti-Slavery Society meeting in Boston's Franklin Hall on the evils of slavery and the oppression of free blacks. This is often cited as the first time an African American woman spoke publicly on political issues before an audience of Black and White men and women. In future speeches, Stewart also advanced women's rights.
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3/1/1892 12:00:00 AM - Pastry Fork Invented

The pastry fork was invented by a black woman, Ms. Anna M. Mangin.
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5/19/1965 12:00:00 AM - Patricia R

Patricia R. Harris named ambassador to Luxembourg. She was the first Black woman ambassador.
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6/1/1921 12:00:00 AM - Race riot in Tulsa, Oklahoma

Race riot, Tulsa, Oklahoma. Twenty-one whites and sixty Blacks were killed.
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5/12/1970 12:00:00 AM - Race riot, Augusta, Georgia

Race riot, Augusta, Georgia. Six Blacks were killed. Authorities said five of the victims were shot by police.
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4/6/1931 12:00:00 AM - Scottsboro Boys Trial

First Scottsboro trial began in Scottsboro, Alabama. Trial of nine Black youths accused of raping two white women on a freight train became a cause celebré.
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2/28/1708 12:00:00 AM - Slave Revolt in Long Island

Slave revolt, Newton, Long Island (N.Y.). Seven whites killed. Two Black male slaves and an Indian slave were hanged, and a Black woman was burned alive.
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6/1/1864 12:00:00 AM - Solomon George Washington Dill killed

Solomon George Washington Dill, poor white ally of Black Republicans, assassinated in his home by white terrorists. Dill had allegedly made "incendiary speeches" to South Carolina Blacks.
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4/30/0711 12:00:00 AM - Tarik, the Moor, invades Spain.

On April 30, 711AD General Tarik al Gibral, a Nafza Berber after whom the famed "Rock of Gibralter" is named, crossed to Andalus (Spain under the Visigoths) with a force of seven thousand troops. After several battles in which the Visigoths were completely routed, the Moorish-Berber-Arab force marched from city to city until the entire peninsula was under their control by 715AD. It should be noted that many modern historians tend to refer to Tarik's garrison as consisting only of Caucasoid Berbers and Arabs. Primary sources, such as Ibn Husayn of the 10th Century recorded however that many of his troops were "Sudanese," a synonym at the time for Blacks. Contemporary accounts of Europeans state of the Moorish invaders, "Their faces were as black as pitch, the handsomest amongst them was as black as a cooking pot." It should be pointed out that the term "Berber," erroneously identified as a racial category, is in actuality a linguistic-ethnic group. There are both Semitic and African Berbers. Tarik, tracing his ethnic roots, may have been one of them. He was described by contemporary witnesses as having a short stature, brown skin, a hooked nose, and woolly hair. He was said to be a native of Sudan. Thus would begin the Moorish occupation of Spain, to which Europe owes greatly the benefits of the Renaissance, which would last well into the 15th Century.
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1/1/1640 12:00:00 AM - The General Virginia Court decides the "Emmanuel" case, which involves a black

The General Virginia Court decides the "Emmanuel" case, which involves a black man who, along with six white servants participates in a conspiracy to escape; when captured, the whites are all sentenced to extra years of service while Emmanuel is whipped, branded with an "R," and required to wear shackles for one year.
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3/18/1933 12:00:00 AM - Unita Blackwell

Unita Blackwell was born this day in Lula, Mississippi. She became the first black woman mayor elected in Mississippi.
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5/17/1909 12:00:00 AM - White firemen on Georgia Railroad struck to

White firemen on Georgia Railroad struck to protest employment of Blacks.
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5/25/1971 12:00:00 AM - Young Black woman, Jo Etha Collier, killed in

Young Black woman, Jo Etha Collier, killed in Drew, Miss., by bullet fired from passing car. Three whites were arrested on May 26 and charged with the unprovoked attack.
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