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Black Facts for October 21st

1905 - Maji Maji Uprising (1905-1907)

The Maji Maji Uprising in Tanganyika was the most significant African challenge to German colonial rule during the brief period when Germanyhad African colonies.  The Uprisinglasted two years and involved people over 10,000 square miles.

During the "scramble for Africa" that began with the Treaty of Berlin in 1885,European powers dominated much of Africa,carving out vast territories as their own and establishing often brutal regimesto enforce their rule. Four major regions had been colonized by Germany, including Tanganyika(modern-day Tanzania), Togo, Cameroon,and Namibia.Tanzaniahad been acquired largely through the efforts of the German ColonizationSociety, founded by Dr. Karl Peters. When Germanyestablished its control over Tanganyikaby 1898, it imposed a particularly violent regime in order to control thepopulation, including a policy of killing kings who resisted German occupation.This earned Peters, who was now the Tanganyika colonial governor, thename "Milkono wa Damu," meaning "Manwith Blood on His Hands." Throughout this period of German occupation theAfrican population was also subjected to high taxation and a system of forcedlabor, whereby they were required to grow cotton and build roads for theirEuropean occupiers.

The oppressive regime bred discontent amongthe Africans, and resentment reached a fever pitch in 1905 when drought hit theregion. A prophet—Kinjikitile Ngwale—emerged, who claimed to know the secretto a sacred liquid that could repel German bullets called "Maji Maji," whichmeans "sacred water." Thus, armed with arrows, spears, and doused with MajiMaji water, the first warriors of the rebellion began to move against theGermans, attacking at first only small German outposts, such as at Samanga, anddestroying cotton crops. The rebellion spread throughout the colony, eventuallyinvolving 20 different ethnic groups all of whom wished to dispel the Germancolonizers.  As such it was the firstsignificant example of interethnic cooperation in the battle against colonialcontrol.

The apex of the

1947 - Fisher, Ada M. (1947- )

Dr. Ada M. Fisher is a retired physician and a recurrent Republican candidate for office. Fisher was born on October 21, 1947 in Durham, North Carolina, the daughter of Rev. Miles Mark Fisher, a son of a former slave and his Seminole Indian wife. Rev. Fisher was also a Republican, as well as his grandfather who was freed by the 13th Amendment adopted in 1865. Little information is found about the wife of Rev. Miles Mark Fisher. Dr. Fisher is single, but adopted two children: Shevin Michael and Charles Malvern.

Dr. Fisher earned her first degree in biology at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. She earned her medical degree from the University of Wisconsin at Madison and her Master’s Degree in Public Health from the John Hopkins University School of Hygiene and Public Health. After receiving her degree, Dr. Fisher worked at the University of Rochester in family medicine and ran a health clinic in rural North Carolina. During her time in the medical field, Dr. Fisher was the medical director of Amoco Oil Company and Service Line Director of the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) Occupational Health Services. She also worked as an independent medical examiner and community volunteer, particularly with students who have dropped out of high school.

After she retired as a practicing physician, Dr. Fisher got heavily involved in politics.  She had already been a member of the Republican Party of North Carolina for over 50 years and was a member of the North Carolina Federation of Republican Women. Dr. Fisher was a candidate for the U.S. Senate from North Carolina in 2002, and a candidate for U.S. Congress in North Carolina’s 12th District in 2004 and 2006. She also ran for the North Carolina House of Representatives in District 77 in 2008.

Fisher became politically active in 1996 when she moved back to North Carolina because she felt the GOP had lost its primary mission to uphold the U.S. Constitution. This frustration led to her write Common Sense Conservative Prescriptions Solutions for What Ails

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