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3/12/1912 12:00:00 AM - Dorothy Height - Visionary

Dorothy Height was born on this day. "For nearly half a century, Dorothy Irene Height has given leadership to the struggle for equality and human rights for all people. Her life exemplifies her passionate commitment for a just society and her vision of a better world." - National Council of Negro Women Education: 1929 - Graduated Rankin High School, Rank PA (Valedictorian) 1932 - BA New York University, New York City 1933 - Master in Educational Psychology - New York University New York School of Social Work - Columbia University (Advance studies) Honorary Degrees: 1967- Doctor of Humane Letters, Tuskegee Institute 1970- Doctor of Humane Letters, Coppin State College 1970- Doctor of Humane Letters, Harvard University 1970- Doctor of Civil Law, Pace University 1974- Board of Humane Letters, University of Massachusetts 1975- Doctor of Humane Letters, Howard University 1975- Doctor of Humane Letters, Smith University 1975- Doctor of Humane Letters, New York University 1977- Doctor of Humane Letters, Bethune Cookman College 1980- Distinguished Service Medal, Barnard College 1981- Doctor of Humane Letters, Spelman College 1982- Doctor of Humane Letters, Emmanuel College 1982 Doctor of Humane Letters, Berea College 1983-Doctor of Humane Letters, Bowie State College 1985- Doctor of Humane Letters, Smith College 1989- Doctor of Humane Letters, College of the City of New York 1989- Doctor of Humane Letters, Lincoln University 1990- Doctor of Laws, Princeton University 1992- Doctor of Humane Letters, Central State University 1993- Doctor of Humane Letters, Tougaloo College 1994- Doctor of Humane Letters, Bennett College 1996- Doctor of Humane Letters, University of the District of Columbia Degree information provided by the National Council of Negro Women
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4/6/1937 12:00:00 AM - Actor Billy Dee Williams born

Actor Billy Dee Williams, known in such works as "Mahogany" and two "Star Wars" sequels, was born in New York city.
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3/27/1934 12:00:00 AM - Arthur Mitchell, dancer

Arthur Mitchell, first African American principal of the New York City Ballet Company and founder, Dance Theatre of Harlem, born
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4/16/1947 12:00:00 AM - Basketball great Kareem Abdul-Jabbar born

Basketball great Kareem Abdul-Jabbar born Lewis F. Alcindor, Jr. in New York City.
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6/23/1997 12:00:00 AM - Betty Shabazz dies at 61, in NeW York City 3 weeks aftwer receiving burns ovet

Betty Shabazz dies at 61, in NeW York City 3 weeks aftwer receiving burns ovet 80% of her body.
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2/3/1964 12:00:00 AM - Blacks, Puerto Ricans Boycott NYC Public Schools

School officials reported that 464,000 Black and Puerto Rican students boycotted New York City public schools. More than 267,000 were absent during second boycott, March 16.
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5/20/1952 12:00:00 AM - Boxer Marvin Hagler born

Boxer "Marvelous" Marvin Hagler born in Newark, New Jersey.
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4/18/1941 12:00:00 AM - Bus Companies Hire Blacks

Bus companies of New York City agreed to hire Black drivers and mechanics. This agreement ended a four-week boycott.
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5/15/1946 12:00:00 AM - Camilla Williams

Camilla Williams, the African American woman to sign a contract with a major American opera company appears in the title role of Madama Butterfly with the New York City Opera.
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4/4/1967 12:00:00 AM - Civil Rights

April 4, 1967. Speaking before the Overseas Press Club in New York City, Revered Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr, announced his opposition to the Vietnam War.
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4/7/1712 12:00:00 AM - Civil Rights

New York Slave Revolt. April 7, 1712 Nine whites were killed in a slave revolt in New York City. Planned by 27 slaves, the rebellion was begun by setting fire to an outhouse; as whites came to put the fire out, there were shot. The state militia was called out to capture the rebels and the city of New York responded to the event by strengthening its slave codes. 21 Blacks were executed as participants, and 6 alleged committed suicide.
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4/1/1905 12:00:00 AM - Clara Hale, founder of the Hale House, born

Birthday of Clara McBride Hale in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Hale founded Hale House, a home for infant children of drug addicts located in Harlem, NY.
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5/9/1952 12:00:00 AM - Death of actor Canada Lee (45), New York City

Death of actor Canada Lee (45), New York City. Former boxer-turned-actor Canada Lee makes a strong impression in the 1944 Alfred Hitchcock thriller Lifeboat (FoxVideo). In the 1947 John Garfield boxing classic Body and Soul (Republic), Lee gives a sensitive performance as a dying boxer. He also excels as a small-town minister in the 1951 adaptation of Alan Paton's Cry, the Beloved Country (Monterey Home Video). Like Robeson, Lee's film career ended when he was accused of being a Communist.
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3/12/1955 12:00:00 AM - Death of Charlie Parker

Death of Charlie Parker (34), one of the founders of the modern jazz movement, in New York City.
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3/15/1794 12:00:00 AM - Death of Lester Young

Death of Lester Young (49), New York City.
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3/21/1970 12:00:00 AM - Death of Walter White

Death of Walter White (61), New York City. Roy Willkins succeeded him as NAACP executive, April 11.
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10/26/1977 12:00:00 AM - Dr

Dr. Clifford R. Wharton Jr. named chancellor of the State University of New York.
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5/24/1954 12:00:00 AM - Dr

Dr. Peter Murray Marshall installed as president of New York County Medical Society and became the first Black to head an American Medical Association unit.
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4/30/1863 12:00:00 AM - Education

Sarah Thompson Garnet becomes the first African American female principal in the New York City public school system.
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2/28/1704 12:00:00 AM - Elias Neau, a Frenchman, opened school for Blacks

Elias Neau, a Frenchman, opened school for Blacks in New York City.
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7/31/1960 12:00:00 AM - Elijah Muhammad, leader of the Nation of Islam

Elijah Muhammad, leader of the Nation of Islam, called for creation of a Black state in America at a New York meeting.
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6/2/1834 12:00:00 AM - Fifth national Black convention met in New York

Fifth national Black convention met in New York with fifty delegates from eight states.
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2/11/1644 12:00:00 AM - First Black legal protest in America pressed by

First Black legal protest in America pressed by eleven Blacks who petitioned for freedom in New Netherlands (New York). Council of New Netherlands freed the eleven petitioners because they had "served the Company seventeen or eighteen years" and had been "long since promised their freedom on the same footing as other free people in New Netherlands."
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3/16/1827 12:00:00 AM - First Black newspaper, Freedom's Journal,

First Black newspaper, Freedom's Journal, published in New York City.
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2/1/1644 12:00:00 AM - First Black Petition

First black legal protest in America pressed by eleven blacks who petitioned for freedom in New Netherlands (New York). Council of New Netherlands freed the eleven petitioners because they had "served the Company seventeen or eighteen years" and had been "long since promised their freedom on the same footing as other free people in New Netherlands."
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5/22/1948 12:00:00 AM - Harlem Renaissance poet and author, author

Harlem Renaissance poet and author, author of the first best seller written by an African American, Claude McKay, dies
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3/18/1959 12:00:00 AM - Irene Cara born

Actress-singer-songwriter Irene Cara is born in New York City
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6/30/1926 12:00:00 AM - James Weldon Johnson was honored by NAACP

James Weldon Johnson was honored for his careers as an executive of the NAACP, a member of the United States Consul, editor, and poet by the NAACP in New York City.
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2/28/1968 12:00:00 AM - Juanita Hall Singer & Actress dies

Juanita Long Hall was born November 6, 1901 (or 1902) in Keyport, New Jersey, and died February 29, 1968, in Bayshore, New York. This singer, actress, and choral director was best-known for her role as Bloody Mary in the 1949 Broadway stage production of South Pacific.
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6/30/1917 12:00:00 AM - Lena Horne

Actress-singer Lena Horne is born in Brooklyn, New York.
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6/20/1911 12:00:00 AM - NAACP incorporated in New York

NAACP incorporated in New York.
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4/19/1910 12:00:00 AM - National Urban League Formed

The National Urban League was formed in New York City. The league was born out of a merger of the National League for the Protection of Colored Women, National League on Urban Conditions Among Negroes and the Niagra Movement.
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4/13/1891 12:00:00 AM - Nella Larsen is born

Nella Larsen is born in Chicago, Ill. She will write two important novels of the Harlem Renaissance, Quicksand and Passing. She worked at NYC Library's Harlem Branch from 1921-1926. It is here that Nella began her literary career by publishing several short pieces, and consequently began her climb up the ladder of social mobility known as the "black bourgeoisie", later to become the arts and letters movement of African Americans in Harlem: The Harlem Renaissance. Nella began her literary career in 1919 by publishing a short piece "Three Scandinavian Games" in Jessie Fauset's children's magazine, Brownies Book. While working at the library, Nella published two short stories, "The Wrong Man" and "Freedom" in Young's Magazine. Nella regarded her privacy by writing these short pieces of fiction under the pseudonym Allen Simi, her married name backwards. But her stories received recognition, nonetheless. Her first novel, Quicksand received the Bronze Award for Literature from the Harmon Foundation. Her work has autobiographical underpinnings of her own experiences being exposed to and alienated from both Black and White culture.
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2/16/1951 12:00:00 AM - New York City Council passes bill prohibiting racial discrimination

New York City Council passed bill prohibiting racial discrimination in city-assisted housing developments.
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3/11/1959 12:00:00 AM - On this day, Lorraine Hansberry's 'A Raisin in the Sun' opened at the Ethel Bar

On this day, Lorraine Hansberry's 'A Raisin in the Sun' opened at the Ethel Barrymore Theatre in New York City with Sidney Poitier and Claudia McNeil in the lead roles. The play ran for 530 performances, becoming the longest running Broadway play written by an African-American. This was also the first Broadway drama written and directed by an African-American woman. In 1961 'A Raisin in the Sun' was made into a movie, again starring Sidney Poitier as the chauffeur Walter Younger. Hansberry's landmark career was cut short when she died of cancer in 1965 at the age of 34.
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4/8/1965 12:00:00 AM - Pioneer

Black Senate Page Appointed on April 8, 1965. 16 year old Lawrene Bradford of New York City was the first Black Page appointed to the US Senate.
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8/12/1964 12:00:00 AM - Race riot, Elizabeth, New Jersey

Race riot, Elizabeth, New Jersey. (8/12-13).
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5/23/1921 12:00:00 AM - Shuffle Along, first of a succession of popular

Shuffle Along, first of a succession of popular musicals featuring Black talent, opened at the 63rd Street Music Hall, New York City.
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5/25/1943 12:00:00 AM - Singer Leslie Uggams born

Singer Leslie Uggams, who made her singing debut with the Lawrence Welk Band, was born in New York city.
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3/27/1924 12:00:00 AM - Singer Sarah Vaughn

Jazz singer Sarah Vaughn was born in Newark, New Jersey.
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6/1/1835 12:00:00 AM - Sixth national Black convention met

Sixth national Black convention met in Philadelphia with thirty-five delegates from six states and the District of Columbia.
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4/3/1962 12:00:00 AM - Social Movement

April 3, 1962. In retaliation against a Black Boycott of downtown stores, the Birmingham,AL, City Commission voted not to pay the city's $45,000 share of a $100,000 county program which supplied surplus food to the needy. More than 90 percent of the recipients of aid were Black. When the NAACP protested the Comission decision's, Birmingham Mayor Arthur J Hanes dismissed their complaint as a"typical reaction from New York Socialist radiccals"
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5/31/1909 12:00:00 AM - Some three hundred Blacks and whites met at the

Some three hundred Blacks and whites met at the United Charities Building in New York City at the first NAACP conference, May 31 and June 1.
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6/4/1832 12:00:00 AM - Third national Black convention met

Third national Black convention met in Philadelphia with twenty-nine delegates from eight states. Henry Sipkins of New York was elected president.
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6/5/1945 12:00:00 AM - Track star John Carlos born

Olympic track and field star John Carlos born in New York City. John Carlos would become famous at the 1968 Olympic Summer Games for raising a black gloved fist during the playing of the American anthem.
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2/6/1820 12:00:00 AM - United States population: 9,638,453

United States population: 9,638,453. Black population: 1,771,656 (18.4 per cent). "Mayflower of Liberia" sailed from New York City with eighty-six Blacks. Ship arrived in Sierra Leone, March 9.
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6/17/1897 12:00:00 AM - William Frank Powell

William Frank Powell, New Jersey educator, named minister to Haiti.
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