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African American History and Women Timeline 1900-1919

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• (September) Nannie Helen Burroughts and others founded the Womens Convention of the National Baptist Convention

• Regina Anderson born (librarian, Harlem Reaissance figure)

• Local white protests of the appointment of Minnie Cos as postmistress of Indianola, Mississippi, led to President Theodore Roosevelt suspending postal services to the town.

• (February 27) Marian Anderson born (singer)

• (October 26) Elizabeth Cady Stanton died (antislavery and womens rights activist)

• Harriet Tubman signed over her home for the elderly to the African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church

• Harriet Marshall founded the Washington (DC) Conservatory, admitting African American students

• Maggie Lena Walker founded St. Lukes Penny Savings Bank in Richmond, Virginia, becoming the first woman bank president

• Sarah Breedlove Walker (Madam C.J. Walker) begins her haircare business

• Ella Baker born (civil rights activist)

• Zora Neale Hurston born (writer, folklorist)

• Virginia Broughton published Womens Work, as Gleaned from the Women of the Bible

• Mary McLeod Bethune founded what is today Bethune-Cookman College

• Niagara Movement founded (out of which the NAACP grew)

• National League for the Protection of Colored Women founded in New York

• Ariel Williams Holloway born (musician, teacher, poet, figure in Harlem Renaissance)

• Constitution of the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW, Wobblies) included a provision that no working man or woman shall be excluded from membership in unions because of creed or color

• first outdoor tuberculosis camp in the United States was opened in Indianapolis, Indiana, sponsored by the Womens Improvement Club

• after a riot in Brownsville, Texas, President Theodore Roosevelt delivered dishonorable discharges to three companies of African American soldiers; Mary Church Terrell was among those formally protesting this action

• second meeting of the Niagara Movement met at Harpers Ferry, West Virginia, with about 100 men and women in attendance

• Josephine Baker born

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