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Black Facts for September 17th

1849 - Harriet Tubman Biography - Life and Accomplishments

Harriet Tubman (1821 - 1913)  led over 200 slaves to freedom as a conductor on the Underground Railroad. Contemporaries called her Moses and General Tubman in praise of her bravery and leadership. Frederick Douglass lauded Tubmans courage by saying,  Excepting John Brown -- of sacred memory -- I know of no one who has willingly encountered more perils and hardships to serve our enslaved people than [Harriet Tubman]. Radical abolitionist John Brown agreed and characterized Tubman as one of the bravest persons on this continent.

In 1821, Tubman was born into slavery on a plantation in Dorchester County, Maryland. Harriets name at birth was Araminta Ross. When she was 11, Araminta chose a new name to signal her coming of age: her mothers name, Harriet. At age five, young Harriet began working as a house slave, doing chores like weaving. When she was 12, her master moved her into the fields to work.

Harriet was brave and confident from an early age. As a teenager, Harriet moved to defend a fellow slave from the violence of an overseer, taking a blow from a heavy weight that was thrown at her compatriot. Harriet suffered the effects of this head injury for the rest of her life. In addition to a scar, Harriet experienced uncontrollable spells of sleep.

Harriet took the surname Tubman when she married John Tubman in 1844. John was free, and he never understood why his wife longed to escape to the North for her freedom.

They parted ways when she finally escaped.

In 1849, the master of Harriets plantation died, and she began to worry that all of the slaves on the plantation would be sold. Slaves who lived in upper-South states like Maryland lived in fear of being sold away from their families to the Deep South. Harriet made the decision to escape.

On September 17, 1849, Tubman ran away with two of her brothers, Ben and Henry. A reward of $300 was offered for the return of Tubman and her brothers. Fearful, her brothers returned to the plantation. But Tubman refused.

Using the Underground Railroad, Tubman

1862 - Voices of the Civil War Episode 8: "Battle of Antietam"

The Battle of Antietam, fought on September 17, 1862, produced the most casualties of any single day in the Civil War. The battle was a draw and neither the Union nor the Confederacy came out ahead. Nevertheless, this battle gave President Lincoln the fuel and momentum to issue one of the most important documents in American History.

Civil War in Four Minutes: Antietam - Duration: 4:44. Civil War Trust 51,215 views

Antietam Documentary with James Earl Jones - Duration: 57:03. Tony Willoughby 471,552 views

Kevin Weddle discusses Antietam - Duration: 51:19. USArmyWarCollege 7,531 views

National Geographic Live! S3 • E1 Winston Groom: The Battle of Shiloh 1862 | Nat Geo Live - Duration: 21:26. National Geographic 42,276 views

The Battle of Antietam - Duration: 6:20. antietamnps 82,189 views

Ken Burns: The Civil War was about slavery, slavery, slavery - Duration: 4:22. Raw Story 115,862 views

Lincoln and Lee at Antietam: The Cost of Freedom - Duration: 1:28:19. Janson Media 154,685 views

The Civil War in Four Minutes: The Battle of Gettysburg - Duration: 5:00. Civil War Trust 330,541 views

Civil War Photography - Alexander Gardner - Duration: 3:46. GWNPS video 8,747 views

Civil War Combat - Battle of Antietam - Part 5 (Final) - Duration: 5:01. indylover2010 15,262 views

Minnesota at the Crossroads: Battle of Antietam - 1862 - Duration: 6:13. minnesotahistory 3,896 views

Antietam and The Emancipation Proclamation - Duration: 6:39. John Fitz 24,391 views

The First Battle of Manassas - Duration: 4:13. National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution 12,610 views

Rare Footage of Civil War Veterans Doing the Rebel Yell - Duration: 4:23. Smithsonian Magazine 2,097,553