Probably the South's most noted guerilla chief was a Black man named
Henry Berry Lowry. For the 10 year period from 1861 (at the outbreak of the
Civil War) to 1871 (when he was finally defeated by the Klu Kulx Klan) he lead an army composed of escaped
slaves and Black Indians, and opened war on white people. Killing all who didn't chose to flee, and controlled
Robeson Country, N.C. and ravished many of the neighboring counties.