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Hutchins, Hutchen R. (1903-1990)

Hutchen R. Hutchins, born on June 30, 1903, was part of a small but active cadre of African American Communists operating in the Pacific Northwest during the 1930s. Originally from the East Coast, Hutchins attended the Lenin School in Moscow in the late 1920s. In 1932 he was sent to Seattle by the Communist Party USAs Central Committee in New York to serve on a three-member District Executive Committee. That same year he helped organize one of the largest demonstrations of unemployed workers in the states history. Hutchins reportedly clashed with Party members in the Northwest who, according to Bellingham organizer Eugene Dennett, considered him overbearing and doctrinaire. In 1933 he was replaced, along with the other two members of the Executive Committee, by a new Executive Secretary.

Hutchins stayed in Seattle and retained a Marxist political orientation, although it is unclear whether he remained an official member of the Communist Party. Throughout the latter half of the1930s he served as president of the Negro Workers Council, an Urban League program designed to provide education and support for working-class African Americans. Susie Revels Cayton, the matriarch of the influential Cayton family and herself a devoted Communist, was Hutchinss vice-president on the Council. In 1940, in response to the Boeing Company and the International Association of Machinists longstanding policy of racial exclusion, Hutchins organized a broad coalition of African American community leaders into the Committee for the Defense of Negro Labors Right to Work at the Boeing Airplant (CDNL). Hutchins used his position as a correspondent for Seattles African American newspaper, The Northwest Enterprise, to publicize the CDNLs campaign. Both the Boeing Company and the IAM continued to resist integration even after Franklin Roosevelts June 1941 executive order prohibiting hiring discrimination in defense industries. However, due in large measure to Hutchins work on the CDNL and for The Northwest Enterprise, Boeing hired