Julius W. Garvey, M.D., is a NY-based cardiothoracic and vascular surgeon who is leading the Justice4Garvey effort seeking a posthumous presidential pardon for his father, civil rights leader Marcus Garvey.
Hoover described my father as "a West-Indian Negro and in addition to his activities in endeavoring to establish the Black Star Line Steamship Corporation, he has also been particularly active among the radical elements in New York City in agitating the negro movement."
Garvey's signature project for the economic development and unity of Africans worldwide was the Black Star Line Shipping Company, which was founded to transport Africans and goods between the Americas, the Caribbean and Africa.
The profitability and popularity of the Black Star Line Shipping Company roused Hoover's fear of my father's politics and provoked him to take action against him.
The FBI's involvement in the case against Marcus Garvey is as fresh as today's headlines about the bureau, and political leaders in both the countries that Garvey called home have voiced a need to posthumously clear his name.