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Price, Mary Violet Leontyne (1927- )

Born to James and Kate Price on February 10, 1927, in Laurel, Mississippi, Leontyne Price became one of the world’s leading opera sopranos and among the first African Americans to gain prominence in major performance halls in that musical genre. Her parents were amateur musicians and instilled in their daughter a love of music from an early age. In 1944 she attended the College of Education and Industrial Arts (now Central State College) in Wilberforce, Ohio with the intention of becoming a music teacher. Her teachers soon encouraged her to pursue voice instead.  In 1949 Price moved to New York to study at the Juilliard School of Music on a four year, full-tuition scholarship. Her performance as Mistress Ford in the school’s production of Giuseppe Verdi’s opera Falstaff caught the eye of composer Virgil Thomson. He offered her the role of Cecilia in the 1952 revival of his 1934 opera Four Saints in Three Acts and her professional career took off.

From 1952 to 1954 Price toured Europe with George Gershwin’s Porgy and Bess, playing the role of Bess. Her 1954 concert debut at the Town Hall Theater in New York earned her widespread critical acclaim. The following year she broke historical precedent by becoming the first black singer to appear in a televised opera when she sang the title role in Puccini’s Tosca for the National Broadcasting Company (NBC). In light of her growing popularity and success, NBC invited her back to sing in such televised operas as Mozart’s The Magic Flute, Poulenc’s Dialogues des Carmelites, and Mozart’s Don Giovanni.

In the following years, Price was enthusiastically received at many major opera houses including the San Francisco Opera (California), the Arena di Verona in Italy, Covent Garden (the Royal Opera House), in Great Britain, the Vienna Staatsoper in Austria, and the Lyric Opera of Chicago (Illinois). Her debut performance at New York’s Metropolitan Opera as Leonora in Verdi’s Il Trovatore in 1961 was met with over forty minutes of applause, the longest ovation the Metropolitan

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