BlackFacts Details

(1894) William Saunders Scarborough, “The Ethics of the Hawaiian Question,”


Main Features

AAH Index Page

AAW Index Page

GAH Index Page

Perspective Articles

Black History Month The United States and the World

Digital Archives


Black National Anthem

Barack Obama Page

101 African American Firsts

Major Black Office Holders


Users Guide

Site Map

Special Features

Blacks and the LDS Church

The Mentoring Page

Preserving King County’s African American History

African American Ambassadors

Speakers Bureau

African and West Indian Capital Cities

Dever Memorial Page on Afro-Britons

Historic African American Churches

African American Ambassadors

BlackPast Blog Roll

Robert Fikes Corner in the Classroom By the Numbers

Af. Am. Historical Landmarks

Civil War Memorial Page

Historically Black Colleges and Universities

Link Exchange


About Us

Awards and Distinctions

Mission Statement


BlackPast Video

Board of Directors

Academic Advisory Board

International Advisory Board

Teacher Advisory Board

Volunteer Content Contributors

Volunteer Staff

Fact Sheet

Support Team



News About on Wikipedia


Donate Now

Donor Honor Roll

Write for BlackPast

Organize a Fundraiser

Support BlackPast/Shop


William Saunders Scarborough, born in 1852 in Macon, Georgia, the son of a free black father and an enslaved mother eventually became the first graduate of Atlanta University and at 23 a professor of Latin and Greek at Wilberforce University in Ohio. In 1908 he was appointed president of Wilberforce and served until 1920 while continuing his scholarly activities to the field of linguistics and writing and speaking on race relations. In March 1894, Scarborough announced his opposition to the annexation of Hawaii in a speech delivered to students, faculty, and guests at Wilberforce University.  The text of the speech, which was originally printed in the Christian Recorder, appears below. 

Not long ago