Like many decades before, the 1890’s were filled with great achievements by African-Americans as well as many injustices. Almost thirty years after the establishment of the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments, African-Americans such as Booker T. Washington were establishing and heading schools. Ordinary African-American men were losing their right to vote through Grandfather clauses, poll taxes, and literacy exams.
William Henry Lewis and William Sherman Jackson become the first African-American football players on a white college team.
Provident Hospital, the first African-American owned hospital, is established by Dr. Daniel Hale Williams.
Opera soprano Sissieretta Jones becomes the first African-American to perform at Carnegie Hall.
Ida B. Wells launches her anti-lynching campaign by publishing the book, Southern Horrors: Lynch Laws and in All Its Phases. Wells also delivers a speech at Lyric Hall in New York. Wells work as an anti-lynching activist is highlighted with the high number of lynchings--230 reported--in 1892.
The National Medical Association is established by African-American doctors because they are barred from the American Medical Association.
African-American newspaper, The Baltimore Afro-American is established by John H. Murphy, Sr., a former slave.
Dr. Daniel Hale Williams successfully performs an open heart surgery in Provident Hospital.
Williams work is considered the first successful operation of its kind.
Bishop Charles Harrison Mason establishes The Church of God in Christ in Memphis, Tn.
W.E.B.DuBois is the first African-American to receive a PhD from Harvard University.
Booker T. Washington delivers the Atlanta Compromise at the Atlanta Cotton States Exposition.
The National Baptist Convention of American is established through the merging of three Baptist organizations--the Foreign Mission Baptist Convention, the American National Baptist Convention and the Baptist National Educational Convention.
The Supreme Court rules in the Plessy v. Ferguson case that separate but equal laws